The term “kidney disease,” synonymous with “renal disease,” refers to a collection of disorders inhibiting normal kidney function. It causes damage to the filtration units of the organs, which ultimately results in an accumulation of waste materials and fluids within the body. This can lead to issues that impair the cardiovascular system, bone health, and blood pressure management. Let’s Figure out what are the top 5 early warning signs of kidney disease and we will also explore how to keep our kidneys healthy

Importance of Detection for The Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease 

Diagnosing renal disease at the early signs of kidney disease stage is critical for several reasons-

  • It makes it possible for medical professionals to intervene promptly, 
  • potentially slowing down the advancement of the illness and averting problems. 

Second, early detection of kidney problems makes it possible to alter one’s food and way of life, which can assist in managing the condition. 

Additionally, early discovery allows healthcare providers to immediately address underlying causes or needs that contributed to the state, which is another benefit of early detection. People currently coping with renal illness may see improved results and a higher overall quality of life as a result of this. 

Regular screenings are essential for the early detection of kidney disease and general management of the condition. This is especially true for people who are at a higher risk.

What are the top 5 early warning signs of kidney disease?

Changes in Urination

This includes changes in the volume, colour, and frequency of produced urine. For example, if you notice that your urine is darker than usual or urinate more frequently, especially throughout the night, these could be one sign of early warning signs of kidney disease.

Fatigue and Weakness

Kidney disease can result in anaemia and the accumulation of toxins in the body, which can contribute to feelings of exhaustion and general weakness.

Swelling and Fluid Retention

When kidneys are damaged, they may be unable to effectively eliminate extra fluid and sodium from the body. This can cause swelling throughout the body, but it is most noticeable in the lower extremities, notably the legs, ankles, feet, and the area around the eyes. This condition is referred to as edema.

Blood in Urine 

Blood in the urine is medically known as hematuria, where red blood cells are present in the urine. This gives the toilet water a pinkish-red or brown colour. Most hematuria can either be visible to the naked eye or simply be seen only through a microscope.

Persistent Itching 

Early warning signs of kidney disease include a persistent itch, also known as chronic pruritus. Refers to a long-term and persistent itching sensation on the skin. It is a common dermatological symptom that sometimes occurs in various parts of the body. Can affect the affected areas and cause a lot of discomfort, persistent scratching of the skin can have many causes including conditions such as eczema psoriasis, or dermatitis as well as underlying medical problems such as liver disease, kidney disease, or certain infections included.

Causes of Kidney Disease

  • Uncontrolled high blood sugar levels
  • Hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Obstructions in the Urinary Tract
  • Continued Kidney Infections
  • Conditions Related to the Autoimmune System
  • Prolonged use of pain relievers
  • Abuse of drugs or alcohol to an excessive degree
  • A family history of renal illness
  • Requirements Related to the Heart and Blood Vessels

Also Read: 10 Symptoms and Causes of Kidney Stones

Tips to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Keep active and fit

Participate in regular physical exercise to encourage healthy blood flow, which benefits the kidneys’ health.

Monitor blood pressure

It is important to monitor and control your blood pressure regularly to reduce stress on your kidneys.

Eat Healthy

A diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in processed foods and sodium should be maintained for optimal health.

Drink Enough Water

Maintaining a healthy level of hydration is beneficial to kidney function and assists in the elimination of harmful substances.

Manage Health Problems

Maintaining good control of illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension, which can both contribute to kidney impairment, is essential.

Hydration and Fluid Balance

Keep the right proportions of fluids in your body to support healthy kidney function without overburdening them.

These tips will help you to avoid early warning signs of kidney diseases.


The diagnosis of renal illness as 5 early warning signs of kidney disease is necessary. Prompt intervention may be possible if symptoms such as changes in urine, tiredness, and edema are recognized. It is possible to preserve excellent kidney function and general health by regularly visiting the doctor like Dr Ankit Kayal the best urologist in Jaipur for checkups and leading a kidney-friendly lifestyle. Remember that your kidneys play an essential part in your overall health, and pay attention to the warning signals presented below.

FAQ – 

  • How do you know if your kidneys are deficient?

Fatigue, swelling (particularly in the ankles, feet, and legs), changes in the frequency or colour of urine, persistent back pain, high blood pressure, and difficulties concentrating are early warning signs of kidney disease.

  • How can I test my kidneys at home?

Albumin home test kits and home urinalysis equipment enabled by smartphones are options for people who want to monitor their kidney health without leaving the comfort of their home and who may be experiencing kidney damage or chronic kidney disease.

  • Which exercise is best for kidneys? 

Exercises with a low impact on the body, such as walking, swimming, and cycling, are generally safe for renal health. They improve cardiovascular health without putting an undue burden on the kidneys in the process.

  • What foods affect the kidneys?

Consuming foods and drinks high in salt and protein, as well as sugary beverages, can strain the kidneys. Individuals who suffer from certain renal disorders may also be advised to avoid consuming foods high in phosphorus and potassium. 

  • Is milk good for kidney patients?

People who suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD) are advised to consume a kidney diet that is low in dairy products. Someone who has to watch their kidney health should steer clear of foods like low-fat milk because it contains high quantities of phosphorus, potassium, and calcium.